Carolyn Shuttlesworth
Literature & Culture
Material Type:
Primary Source
Community College / Lower Division, College / Upper Division
Creative Commons Attribution

20th Century:1923


African American Literature 1619-1926

Marcus Garvey (1887-1940)

                                  The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey

                                                                                           -edited by Amy Jacques Garvey


                                               The Future as I See It

     It comes to the individual, the race, the nation. once in a life time to decide upon the course to be pursued as a career.The hour has now struck for the individual Negro as well as the entire race to decide the course that will be pursued in the interest of our own liberty.

     We who make up the Universal Negro Improvement Association have decided that we shall go forward, upward and onward toward the great goal of human liberty.  We have determined among ourselves that all barriers placed in the eway of our progress must be removed, must be cleared away for we desire to see the light of a brighter day.


                                              The Negro is Ready

     The Universal Negro Improvement Association for five years has been proclaiming to the world the readiness of the Negro to carve out a pathway for himself in the course of life.  Men of other races and nations have become alarmed by this attitude of the Negro in his desire to do things for himself and by himself.  This alarm has become so universall that organizations have been brought into being here, there and everywhere for the purpose of deterring and obstructing this forward move of our race.  Propoganda has been waged here, there and everywhere for the purpose of misinterpreting the intentions of this organization; some have said that this organization seeks to create discord and discontent among the races; some say we are organized for the purpose of hating other people.  Every sensible, sane and honest-minded person knows that the Universal Negro Improvement Association has no such intentions.  We are organized for the absolute purpose of bettering our condition, industrially, commercially, socially, religiously and politically.  We are organized not to hate other men, but to lift ourselves, and to demand respect of all humanity.  We have a program that we believe to be righteous; we believe it to be just, and we have made up our minds to lay down ourselves on the altar of sacrifice for the realization of this great hope of ours.  based upon the foundation of righteousness.  We declare to the world that Africa must be free, that the entire Negro race must be emancipated from industrial bondage, peonage and serfdom; we make no compromise, we make no apology in this our declaration.  We do not desire to create offense on the part of other races, but we are determined that we shall be heard, that we shall be given the rights to which we are entitled.