OER Librarian
Material Type:
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
Collective Behavior, Oss0212, Social Change, Sociology
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
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Define social change and explore various types of collective behavior


OER Text Material

Understanding Social Change

Types of Collective Behavior 

Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, 20.1 & 21.1

The first part of the 20.1 section of Sociology defines social change. This text does not discuss other forms of collective behavior.  Section 21.1 defines collective behavior and identifies different forms of collective behavior, including types of crowds, protests and riots. This section defines social movements and discusses disasters, rumors, mass hysteria, moral panics, and fads and crazes.

Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

Aspects of Collective Behavior: Fads, Mass Hysteria, and Riots | Behavior | MCAT | Khan Academy (Video)

This source introduces more types of collective behavior with a heavy focus on psychological understandings. The video differentiates fads, mass hysteria, and riots.  

“Crowd” by Clark McPhail

Contexts Vol. 7 Iss. 2, May 2008, pp. 78-79 (NOTE: Available via OhioLINK)

This short article discusses the different notions of the concept of ‘the crowd’ offering three perspectives that have been used to understand crowds and problems with each.   

“Documenting Social Change” by Jon Rieger

Contexts Vol. 8 Iss. 3, August 2009, pp. 52-59 (NOTE: Available via OhioLINK)

This article includes photographs to illustrate how social change is evident in structural and decorative changes of buildings over time.  It demonstrates variable rates of social change and dynamics of social change.