This book is about how to read, use, and create maps. Our exploration of maps will be informed by a contextual understanding of how maps reflect the relationship between society and technology, and how mapping is an essential form of scientific and artistic inquiry. We will also explore how mapping is used to address a variety of societal issues, such as land use planning and political gerrymandering. You will gain insight into the technical underpinnings of mapping as a science approach, complement on-going interest and activities, or provide an applied focus for research or policy.
Exploration of contemporary politics in the Middle East, examining the salient geographical, historical, and religious features of the area. Analyzes the role of political elites, the Arab-Israeli conflict, gender politics, and factors that have inhibited the growth of democracy.
This course will introduce the student to the history of Central Eurasia and the Silk Road from 4500 B.C.E to the nineteenth century. The student will learn about the culture of the nomadic peoples of Central Eurasia as well as the development of the Silk Road. By the end of the course, the student will understand how the Silk Road influenced the development of nomadic societies in Central Eurasia as well as powerful empires in China, the Middle East, and Europe. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: identify and describe the emergence of early nomadic cultures in Central Eurasia; identify and describe the rise of silk production in China; identify and describe the various routes of the Silk Road; identify and describe the reasons for China's opening of the Silk Road in the second century; identify and describe Han China's political and commercial relationships with nomadic tribes in Central Eurasia; identify and describe the impact of the Hellenistic World and the Roman Empire on the Silk Road; describe and analyze the 'golden age' of the Silk Road; identify and describe the impact of the Mongol Empire on Silk Road cultures; identify and describe the transmission of art, religion, and technology via the Silk Road; analyze and describe the arrival of European traders and explorers seeking a 'new' silk route in the 1400s; identify and describe the 'Great Game' rivalry between China, Britain, and Russia in Central Eurasia in the nineteenth century; analyze and interpret primary source documents that elucidate political, economic, and cultural exchange along the Silk Road. (History 341)
This tutorial introduces the reader to some of the amazing capabilities of R to work with and map geographic data. Geographic data are data that contain spatial attributes (or spatial data) that define a geographic space (location, area, elevation, etc.) and non spatial attributes (f.e., population density, pollutant concentrations, temperature).
This tutorial was developed for one the units of the course “ENVS 420: Research Seminar in Environmental Sciences” offered at the University of Baltimore. However, it is hoped that readers outside of ENVS 420 who are interested in geospatial analysis and with a basic familiarity of R find this tutorial useful.
The use of an integrated developer environment (IDE) or an IDE like configuration such as the IDE RStudio (https://rstudio.com/) or the Nvim-R plug-in for the integration of vim/neovim and R (https://github.com/ jalvesaq/Nvim-R/tree/stable) is recommended but not necessary.
The tutorial was written with RMarkdown (v. 2.6) (Allaire et al., 2020; Xie et al., 2018, 2020) in R (v. 4.2.3) (R Core Team, 2020).